Zofran is used for preventing nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy or surgery. Zofran is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor blocker. It works by blocking a chemical thought to be a cause of nausea and vomiting in certain situations (eg, chemotherapy).
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer human pathology that affects one in ten women and some men. It is a malignant neoplasm that affects the breast tissue.
Reasons that can cause mutation in the cells of glandular tissue, are:
- Specific hormonal status, early start of menstrual cycle in girls under twelve years of age; late menopause in women, after fifty-five years; long, more than ten years, the use of hormonal contraceptive drugs; later, after thirty years, first birth or lack in the life of a woman pregnancy, childbirth;
- Injuries of the mammary glands;
- Hereditary factor – the presence of blood relatives of cancer;
- The state of health of the patient compromised by hypertension, alcoholism, diabetes, obesity, cancer of the genital organs, other pathologies of mammary glands.
Women aged sick more often than young. The absence of breastfeeding, a diet rich in proteins and animal fats – increase the risk of disease.
The stage of breast cancer.
This classification, like any other oncological processes, based on the size of the tumor and the extent of the metastases.
Stage I – the cancer process is localized exclusively in glandular tissue, tumor diameter up to 2 cm.
Stage II – there is no metastasis, but the tumor size from 2 to 5 cm Or there are metastases in the regional lymph nodes.
Stage III – metastases in the lymph nodes. Tumor diameter more than 5 cm
Stage IV – metastasis not only to lymph nodes but also in other tissues, tumors of any size.
The symptoms and signs of breast cancer.
Every woman should conduct regular self-examination, to identify any changes in the breast tissue. Any suspicion that the cancer has changed, must become the cause of the visit to mammologist. In the early stages of breast cancer can independently identify the following features:
- External changes – the shrinking or swelling of the skin, flaking, inflammation, retraction of the nipple, change in size of one breast secretions, including blood, from the nipple;
- Seal inside the gland;
- Discomfort, dragging pain in one breast or armpit;
- Swelling of the shoulder or axilla, pain and enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes;
- In addition to the changes in glandular tissue and lymph nodes, as with any cancer, there are common symptoms – fatigue, shortness of breath, weight loss and etc.
It is obvious that by themselves, these symptoms do not talk about breast cancer. There may be any other pathological process, including a benign tumor. To accurate diagnosis is possible only on the basis of hardware research: mammography, ultrasound. But the most informative in the case of any neoplastic process is a biopsy. That is, a laboratory microscopic examination of tumor cells. To take the tissue for analysis using a special needle or preventive removal of the neoplasm.
If the diagnosis is “breast cancer” will be confirmed by laboratory tests, it has to be applied and other research methods, which determine whether there are metastases in other tissues.
System therapy of this cancer consists of surgery, radiotherapy, himioterpevticeski, immune and, sometimes, the hormonal effects.
If surgical removal of the tumor, surrounding tissue and lymph nodes affected by metastases, aims to radically eliminate the source of proliferation of atypical cells, and other methods designed to slow down the rate of degeneration of tissues. So radiation, chemotherapy and hormone therapy affect the body holistically, systemically. Immune treatment is intended to support native protective factors that suppress the growth of tumors.
Regarding hormonal therapy, it is worth special mention. At thirty to forty percent of patients with breast cancer in her tissue has receptors that are sensitive to estrogen. For these patients the tactic of “turning off” these receptors is very successful. These objectives are the various medications, one of which is Tamoxifen.
Treatment of folk remedies.
In case of any disease, and especially such dangerous as a malignant tumor, wherever it was located – the first and foremost action should be to appeal to professionals. And if You do not find a common language with one’s doctor – spend your energy to find the doctor that You can trust. With it will be possible to discuss what additional methods of therapy, including folk remedies, should be applied.
Typically, the Network describes the various herbal training camp. Many of these plants are poisonous, e.g., deadly nightshade, some can affect the hormone status, while others allow you to maintain the immune power of the person. But you need to understand that the effectiveness of fees contained in such component is disproportionately small, compared to modern drugs. Therefore, trying to cure himself of cancer so the patient loses precious time, exacerbating their condition.
Predictions of healing for this disease is an extremely complex and depend on many unstable factors. The fact that this cancer process affects the entire organism by damaging its critical systems. However, the most important is early detection and prevention survey, the perceived need to check the condition of their Breasts on their own and with the help of experts.
With a history of risk factors – genetic or hormonal predisposition, other diseases of the breast, and etc – can be conducted special preventive measures. For example, prophylactic hormone therapy.